10 Fast Facts on Diabetes
The World Health Organization has designated April 7th as World Health Day, and this year’s theme is Stay Super: Beat diabetes. With that in mind, we thought we would spend some time in today’s blog talking about some of the facts surrounding diabetes:
- Diabetes is a non-communicable disease
This means that diabetes isn’t infectious; rather, it’s brought on through lifestyle or genetics.
- There are three different types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, while type 2 occurs when the body uses insulin ineffectively. The third type is when a person’s blood sugar is above normal, but isn’t high enough to be considered diabetes. This is known as hyperglycemia.
- Type 2 diabetes is the most prominent
The World Health Organization estimates that type 2 diabetes accounts for 90% of all diabetes cases.
- Diabetes is turning into a worldwide epidemic
WHO estimates that about 347 million people are currently living with diabetes. They link the rise in this disease with the rise of obesity and physical inactivity.
- Diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030
According to WHO, the number of deaths worldwide from diabetes will rise in the next 10 years by 50%
- Diabetes increases your risk of death by cardiovascular disease
According to WHO, between 50 to 80 percent of people living with diabetes will die as a result of complications with cardiovascular disease, as diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular complications.
- Diabetes killed more than 1 million people in 2012
WHO estimates that in 2012, 1.5 million people lost their lives as a direct result of diabetes.
- Low- and middle-income countries suffer the worst
In the developing world, most of those who live with diabetes can expect to make it to at least retirement age. By contrast, those in lower to middle-income countries often see deaths from diabetes occurring in individuals who are 35 to 64 years old. Approximately 80 percent of all diabetes deaths each year occur in one of these countries.
- More amputations occur each year due to diabetes than any other cause
Not only can diabetes lead to amputations, it can also cause kidney failure and blindness. In fact, it is the leading cause of all three of these health conditions worldwide. WHO attributes this to a lack of awareness or lack of access to healthcare.
- Diabetes can be prevented
Lifestyle changes such as a good diet, at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity every day and not smoking can all help you avoid type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, however, cannot be prevented.